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World-Wide T.V. Standards

Not all television sets in the world are equal. Different countries use one of the three main video standards - PAL, NTSC or SECAM. This means that a videotape from a PAL country will not play in a VCR in a country that uses the NTSC standard. To look up a country, click the letter below or use the Edit/Find function of your browser.

This list is continually updated, but due to political changes any countries have changed from SECAM to PAL. We suggest that your check with a viewer in their country to check on the prevailing standard.


Country System Color Stereo
Abu Dhabi B,G PAL -
Afghanistan B,D PAL & SECAM -
Albania B,G PAL -
Algeria B PAL -
Andorra B PAL -
Angola I PAL -
Antartica M NTSC -
Antigua M NTSC -
Antiles M NTSC -
Argentina N PAL -
Aryenuna N PAL -
Armenia D,K SECAM -
Aruba M NTSC -
Ascension Is. I PAL -
Australia B PAL Zweiton B/G
Austria B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Azerbaijan D,K PAL -
Azores B PAL -
Azores (US Forces) M NTSC -


Country System Color Stereo
Bahamas M NTSC -
Bahrain B,G PAL -
Bangladesh B PAL -
Barbados N NTSC -
Belarus D,K SECAM -
Belgium B,H PAL Nicam B/G
Belize M NTSC -
Benin K SECAM -
Bermuda M NTSC -
Bhutan B PAL -
Bolivia N NTSC -
Bosnia B,G PAL -
Botswana I PAL -
Brunei B PAL -
Bulgaria D SECAM -
Burma M NTSC -
Burundi K1 SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Cameroon B PAL -
Canary Is. B PAL Nicam B/G
Cape Verde B,G PAL -
Cayman Is. M NTSC -
Central African Rep. K1 SECAM -
Chad K1 SECAM -
Chile M NTSC -
China D PAL Zweiton D
Colombia M NTSC -
Comoros K1 SECAM -
Congo D SECAM -
Costa Rica M NTSC -
Crete B,G PAL -
Croatia B,G PAL -
Cuba M NTSC -
Curacao M NTSC -
Cyprus B,G SECAM -
Cyprus (Turkish) B,G PAL -
Czech Republic B,G PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Dahomey K1 SECAM -
Denmark B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Diego Garcia M NTSC -
Djibuti K1 SECAM -
Dominica M NTSC -
Dominican Rep. M NTSC -
Dubai B,G PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Ecuador M NTSC -
Egypt B SECAM -
El Salvador M NTSC -
Equatorial Guinea B PAL -
Estonia B, G PAL -
Ethiopia B PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Falkland Is. I PAL -
Faroe Is. B,G PAL -
Fernando Po B PAL -
Fiji B PAL -
Finland B PAL Nicam B/G
France L SECAM Nicam L
French  Polynesia Kl SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Gabon K1 SECAM -
Gambia B PAL -
Georgia D,K SECAM -
Germany B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Germany (US Forces) M NTSC -
Ghana B PAL -
Gibraltar B PAL -
Greece B PAL -
Greenland B PAL -
Greenland (US Forces) M NTSC -
Grenada M NTSC -
Guadeloupe K1 SECAM -
Guam M NTSC -
Guatamala M NTSC -
Guinea (Bissau) I PAL -
Guinea (Rep.) K1 SECAM -
Guyana (French) K1 SECAM -
Guyana (Rep.) B,G SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Haiti M NTSC -
Honduras M NTSC -
Hong Kong I PAL Nicam I
Hungary B,G PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Iceland B,G PAL -
India B,G PAL -
Indonesia B PAL -
Iran B,G PAL -
Iraq B SECAM -
Ireland I PAL -
Israel B,G PAL -
Italy B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Ivory Coast K1 SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Jamaica M NTSC -
Johnston Is. M NTSC -
Jordan B,G PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Kampuchea B,G PAL -
Kazakhstan D,K SECAM -
Kenya B,G PAL -
Korea - North D SECAM -
Korea - South M NTSC Zweiton M
Kuwait B,G PAL -
Kyrgystan D,K SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Laos B PAL -
Latvia D,K PAL -
Lebanon B SECAM -
Leeward Islands M NTSC -
Lesotho I PAL -
Liberia B,H PAL -
Libya B,G SECAM -
Lithuania D,K PAL -
Liechtenstein B,G PAL -
Luxembourg B,G,L PAL & SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Macao I PAL -
Macedonia B,G PAL -
Madagascar K1 SECAM -
Madeira B PAL -
Malawi B,G PAL -
Malaysia B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Maldives B PAL -
Mali K1 SECAM -
Malta B,G PAL -
Marshall Is. M NTSC -
Martinique K1 SECAM -
Mauritania B SECAM -
Mauritius B SECAM -
Mayotte K1 SECAM -
Micronesia M NTSC -
Midway Is. M NTSC -
Moldova D,K SECAM -
Monaco G,L PAL & SECAM -
Mongolia D SECAM -
Montenegro B,G PAL -
Montserrat M NTSC -
Morocco B,H SECAM -
Mozambique B PAL -
Myanmar M NTSC -


Country System Color Stereo
Namibia I PAL -
Nepal B PAL -
Netherlands B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
New Caledonia K1 SECAM -
New Zealand B PAL Nicam B/G
Nicaragua M NTSC -
Niger K1 PAL -
Nigeria B PAL -
Norfolk Is. B PAL -
Northern Marina Is. M NTSC -
Norway B,G PAL Nicam B/G


Country System Color Stereo
Okinawa M NTSC FM/FM
Oman B,G PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Pakistan B PAL -
Palau M NTSC -
Panama M NTSC -
Papua New Guinea B,G PAL -
Paraguay N PAL -
Peru M NTSC -
Philippines M NTSC -
Poland D,K PAL -
Polynesia K1 SECAM -
Portugal B,G PAL -
Puerto Rica M NTSC -


Country System Color Stereo
Qatar B PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Reunion K SECAM -
Romania D,K PAL -
Russia D,K SECAM -
Rwanda D,K PAL & SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Saba and Sarawak B PAL Zweiton D
Samoa  (Eastern) M NTSC -
Samoa  (Western) B PAL -
San Marino B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Sao Tome B,G PAL -
Saudi Arabia B,G PAL & SECAM -
Senegal K1 SECAM -
Serbia B,G PAL -
Seychelles B PAL -
Sierra Leone B,G PAL -
Singapore B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Slovakia B,D,K PAL & SECAM -
Slovenia B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Society Islands K1 SECAM -
Somalia B,G PAL -
South Africa I PAL Nicam I
Spain B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Sri Lanka B,G PAL -
St. Grenadine M NTSC -
St. Lucia M NTSC -
St. Pierre Miquelon K1 SECAM -
St. Vincent M NTSC -
St. Kitts M NTSC -
Sudan B PAL -
Surinam M NTSC -
Swaziland B,G PAL -
Sweden B,G PAL Nicam B/G
Switzerland B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Syria B PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Tahiti K1 SECAM -
Tajikistan D,K SECAM -
Tanzania B PAL -
Thailand B,G PAL -
Tibet D PAL -
Togo K1 SECAM -
Tonga M NTSC -
Trinidad and Tobago M NTSC -
Tunisia B SECAM -
Turkey B,G PAL -
Turkmenistan D,K SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Uganda B,G PAL -
United Kingdom I PAL Nicam I
Ukraine D,K SECAM -
United Arab Emirates B,G PAL -
Upper Volta K1 SECAM -
Uruguay N PAL -
United States of America M NTSC BTSC
Uzbekistan D,K SECAM -


Country System Color Stereo
Vatican B,G PAL Zweiton B/G
Venezuela M NTSC -
Vietnam D,K PAL -
Virgin Islands M NTSC -


Country System Color Stereo
Yemen B PAL -


Country System Color Stereo
Zaire K SECAM -
Zambia B,G PAL -
Zanzibar I PAL -
Zimbabwe B,G PAL -
System Lines Channel Vision Sound Vision Sound Zweiton Nicam
B 625 7MHz 5MHz +5.5MHz -VE FM +5.742MHZ +5.85MHZ
D 625  8MHz 6MHz +6.5MHz -VE FM +6.742MHZ -
G,H 625 8MHz 5MHz +5.5MHz -VE  FM +5.742MHz +5.85MHz
I 625 8MHz 5.5MHz +6.0MHz -VE FM - +6.552MHz
K,K1 625  8MHz 6MHz +6.5MHz -VE FM - -
L 625 8MHz 6MHz +6.5MHz +VE AM - +5.85MHz
M 525 6MHz 4.2MHz +4.5MHz -VE FM +4.72MHz -
N 625 6MHz 4.2MHz +4.5MHz -VE FM - -

MTS Stereo single sound carrier modulated with fm/am multiplex
FM/FM single sound carrier modulated with fm/fm multiplex
Zweiton B,G,D,Main carrier is modulated with (L+R)/2 or A. The second carrier with R or B
Zweiton M Main carrier is modulated with (L+R) or A. The second carrier with L-R or B
Nicam Stereo Main carrier is modulated with mono sound or A. The second (digitally modulated carrier) with L and R or A and B

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